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Abstract: This talk considers the issue of rights and duties in the context of social relations based on persistent exchange processes, occurring at both the micro and the macro social levels. Rights and duties that acquire a functional nature in such context are characterized in a tentative formal way. A possible connection between functional rights and duties and the issue of morality as a regulation mechanism for persistent micro social relations is investigated in a preliminary way. The relevance of functional rights and duties at the macro social level for the issue of the modularity of multiagent systems is indicated.
Ethics and Legal Frameworks for Rights and Duties of Autonomous Agents
Abstract: The goal of this paper is to review several ethical questions that are relevant to the use of autonomous armed robots and to authority sharing between such robots and the human operator. First, we discern the commonly confused senses of morality and ethics. We continue by proposing leads to answer some of the most common ethical questions raised by literature, namely the autonomy, responsibility and moral status of autonomous robots, as well as their ability to reason ethically. We then present the possible advantages that authority sharing with the operator could provide with respect to these questions.
Abstract: In the context of integrating Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS) in non-segregated airspace, autonomous operations raise legal and ethical questions. What is the expected behaviour of a civil unmanned aircraft operating autonomously in an airspace shared with other airspace users? And how could we implement this behaviour? We present in this paper a methodology that allowed us, through the analyse of aviation reference documents, to identify ethical criteria necessary to develop a first set of logical rules formalizing this expected behaviour.
Abstract: This paper is concerned with the 'rights' of autonomous agent systems in relation to human users or operators and specifically addresses the question of when and to what extent an agent system may take over control from someone. I start by examining an important ethical code of conduct for system designers and engineers and argue that one would do well to understand it within the human rights framework. I then show that framing the discussion on what agent systems may and may not do in terms of human rights has consequences for intelligent agent systems in that they should be respectful of people's dignity and autonomy. In the remainder of the paper I work out the implications of this for the conditions under which agent systems may take over control. I offer an analysis of control, of delegated control, and of autonomy-respectful delegated control, concluding that for an agent system to justifiably take over control from a user, it should at a minimum offer the user a reliable way to take back control in a timely manner. However, when the user's autonomy is at stake, the system should also know about and act in accordance with the user's goals and core values.
Abstract: In this paper the European flagship project proposal Robo Companion for Citizens (RCC) based on the idea of developing robot companions for citizens, is taken as a case scenario for investigating the feasibility of ascribing rights and duties to autonomous robots from a legal and philosophical standpoint. In talking about rights and duties with respects to robots endowed with of autonomous decision capabilities, one should face the implications that inevitably these terms rise, especially in the field of law. The paper points out the technological problems related to the application of the notion of duty to robots and the problems deriving from attributing a legal subjectivity to non-human entities like robot.
Rights and Duties Conflict Management by Autonomous Agents